2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit begins morning plenary session

SEOUL. March 27. KAZINFORM The morning plenary session of the 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit started here Tuesday morning, with leaders and representatives from more than 50 nations and four international institutions discussing the response to nuclear terrorism, protection of nuclear materials and facilities as well as prevention of illegal trafficking of nuclear materials.

During the morning plenary session, the leaders announced various measures to minimize, consolidate and better manage the HEU (High-Enriched Uranium) and other nuclear materials, join and ratify nuclear security-related international conventions, join relevant international initiatives, implement the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) guideline and recommendations, strengthen the export control regime to prevent illicit trafficking and better oversee border movements, enhance nuclear forensics capacity, strengthen the security of radioactive sources, and promote partnership with the IAEA in the field of nuclear security.

According to Xinhua, Chinese President Hu Jintao said at the summit that China has attached great importance to building nuclear security capacity, earnestly honored its international nuclear security obligations, engaged in extensive international nuclear security cooperation, and worked hard to ensure nuclear security during major public events.

In his speech, the president put forward the following proposals on enhancing nuclear security under the new circumstances:

-- to follow a scientific and sensible approach to nuclear security and boost confidence in the development of nuclear energy.

-- to strengthen nuclear security capacity building and live up to national responsibility for ensuring nuclear security.

-- to deepen international exchanges and cooperation and improve nuclear security around the world.

-- to take a comprehensive approach and address both the symptoms and root causes of nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism.

Giving an opening remark at the beginning of the session, South Korean President Lee Myung-bak stressed the need for close international coordination to strengthen the global nuclear security regime.

"I expect the Seoul summit, building upon the achievements made at the Washington summit, to take a step further in generating a consensus and action plans," Lee said.

Noting 1,600 tons of highly enriched uranium and 500 tons of plutonium capable of producing some 126,500 nuclear weapons are stored worldwide, Lee said minimizing and ultimately removing all loose nuclear materials is a fundamental solution for preventing nuclear terrorism.

Lee continued that it is the obligation of world leaders to maintain peace and security of all mankind. Therefore, they must carry out all means to prevent terrorists from obtaining nuclear materials.

President of the United States Barack Obama said more nations come to the summit "not to talk but to take actions".

The world's governments are fulfilling commitments made in Washington, removing nuclear materials, making more real, tangible steps. More nations come to the table, not to talk but to take actions, said Obama.

"I think we all understand that no one nation can do this alone, and the goal will only be met when we work as an international community. What we did in Washington and what we do in Seoul will be part of a larger global architecture designed to reduce the threat of nuclear terrorism and pursuing peaceful uses of nuclear technology," he said.

Following the morning session, leaders will share ideas on the nexus between nuclear security and nuclear safety at the Working Luncheon. At the afternoon session starting from 14:30 p.m. local time (0530 GMT), they will continue their deliberations of the morning session on specific national and international measures to strengthen nuclear security and adopt the "Seoul Communique" as the outcome document of the summit.

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