keuly Zhangir (1801-1845) was the last khan of Bokey Orda (1823-1845), son of Bokey Khan, grandson of Nuraly and great-grandson of Abulkhair. His real name was Zhikhanger. He was an honored member of Kazan University.

Khan of Bokey Orda (1823-1845), in 1815 his father had over his throne to Zhangir according to the tradition of inheritance. Taking into account that Zhangir was too young Bokey's brother Shygai Sultan governed the khanate. Zhangir received education according to the European standard; he lived in the house of Astrakhan Governor Andreyevsky where he received knowledge on administrative affairs.

In 1823 Zhangir Bokeiyuly began to govern his khanate, the political situation was complicated. Due to disadvantages committed during land parceling he had to take a set of measures against people. Russia took an advantage of this to conduct its colonization policy. One of the main economic restrictions placed by Russia was a prohibition to use coasts of the Caspian Sea, Volga and Yaik.

The policy conducted by Zhangir led to uprising of Kazakh sharua (1836-1837) headed by I. Taimanov and M. Otemissov. The uprising was against Kazakh feudal and colonial policy of Russia. Zhangir crushed a revolt with the help of Russian troops.

Zhangir Khan was one of the first founders of museum collections of amenities of history and culture of Kazakh people. A museum of arms was opened in Bokey Orda under his leadership.

Zhangir Khan was an educated man. He knew Arabian, Russian, Persian, Tatar and German languages. In 1841 he opened a high school using his own funds.

He was an honored member of the scientific society of Kazan University. In 1843 he received rank of General-Mayor of the tsar army. He raised horses, engaged in study of the national literary art and collected Kazakh books. He wrote a number of epic creations.

He implemented a new administration system which was divided into 12 administrative units headed by biys.

Zhangir Khan introduced a set of changes into economic relations between the entities of two states. In 1845 he died unexpectedly in unclear circumstances. He was the third and the last khan of Bokey Orda. After his death a new structure of power as Temporary Council was an administration tool for Russia in Bokey Orda.


Source: Kazakhstan, National Encyclopedia, Volume 2.


Book 'Historical Figures'.

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